What is the role of electronarcosis?

Electronarcosis has the essential objective of tranquilizing the poultry and avoiding any stress prior to slaughter. It allows :

N

Reduce stress on poultry hanging on the chain

N

To reduce the violent movements of wing beats when approaching the sacrifice station, which reduces the risk of injury to the birds (broken wings, haematomas, etc.), but also the risks linked to the safety of the ritual sacrificers on duty (return of the knife at the time of the ritual sacrifice and possible injuries, etc.).

In conventional (non-halal) slaughter, electronarcosis is used with quite high setting parameters, as it precedes mechanical (not manual) slaughter, and thus requires very stunned birds.

A specific protocol

Within the framework of the ritual slaughter supervised by the ARGML, a protocol for the anaesthetization of poultry (before its ritual sacrifice) is specifically developed by the ARGML, and remains under the exclusive responsibility of its ritual controllers. This protocol developed and used by the ARGML strictly guarantees that the animal is alive before the ritual sacrifice (in accordance with Islamic principles) and by the same token, allows the ARGML to commit itself on the religious legality of the products it certifies.

Download the procedure

ARGML Halal control and certification procedure in poultry slaughterhouses

A religious validation

A prior religious validation of the possibility of using electronarcosis if it does not cause the death of poultry by eminent Muslim scholars questioned on this subject:

  • opinion of September 16, 1999 of Sheikh Abu Bakar Jabar Al Djazaïri, preacher at the Masjid El Nabaoui in Medina;
  • Decision No. 4 issued by the Islamic Jurisprudence Assembly of the World Islamic League at its 10th Congress in Makkah from October 18 to 21, 1987 (24 to 28 Safar 1408).

A ritual sacrifice by hand

A ritual sacrifice by hand carried out by the ritual sacrificers authorized by the Great Mosque of Lyon.

The work of the ritual sacrificers is permanently controlled by our ritual controllers in place

A perfect control of the parameters

Perfect control by the controllers of all the parameters of electronarcosis (voltage, amperage, frequency). they adjust these parameters considerably to ensure that the bird is alive at the time of the ritual sacrifice.

Remark: during the sacrifice, the correct flow of blood can only be seen on a bird with a live throat, thanks to the heartbeat.

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The specific protocol of the ARGML

We have put in place a strict protocol to guarantee the Muslim consumer that the products are halal.

A permanent re-evaluation

The parameters used are constantly re-evaluated (according to species, gender, size, average weight, state of fatigue, etc.) and only the ritual controllers, posted on the line, can modulate their intensity and thus ensure that all the birds taken out of the electronarcosis tank are alive before the ritual sacrifice.

Control before sacrifice

All dead or suspected dead poultry is immediately removed from the chain before ritual sacrifice.

Verification of reversibility

Recorded revival tests are performed throughout the ritual slaughter to verify the reversibility of the electronarcosis procedure.

A guarantee for the Muslim consumer

Every effort is made to guarantee the Muslim consumer the religious legality of the products certified by the ARGML. We make it a point of honor to scrupulously control all the stages of product development before the final certification by affixing the ARGML logo on the products.
We would like to remind you that all of our ritual inspectors are practicing Muslims who are fully aware of the responsibility they bear towards God and Muslim consumers. They carry out their daily work with the utmost respect for Islamic principles, aware of the high level of responsibility of their function.

The commitments of the ARGML

Relative religious references
to the ritual slaughter of poultry

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We strive to provide consumers with solid references that allow us to guide the actions and choices of the association

Translation

Question asked by the Ritual Association of the Great Mosque of Lyon to Sheikh Abu Bakar Jabar El Djazaïri, Preacher at the Masjid El Nabaoui in Medina

ARGML question regarding the ritual slaughter of chickens
France, September 06, 1999

In French slaughterhouses, before the chickens’ throats are slit, they pass through a pool of electrified water to stun them. This treatment causes the death of only a very small number of weak or sick chickens.
The ritual controller of the Great Mosque of Lyon checks that the chickens are still alive when they come out of the tank. If a chicken is dead, it is immediately isolated and set aside so as not to undergo the ritual immolation.
What is the opinion of Islamic jurisprudence on the use of this type of procedure in ritual immolation according to the Islamic rite?

Answer by Abu Bakar Jabar El Djazaïri, Preacher at the Masjid El Nabaoui in Medina
September 16, 1999

Praise be to God,
Any poultry coming out of the electrified water tank alive, has its ritual sacrifice and its consumption authorized. But any poultry that comes out of the electrified water tank dead or clinically dead, cannot be sacrificed or eaten, because it is part of the dead animals that Allah has forbidden to eat.

Translation

Question asked by the Ritual Association of the Great Mosque of Lyon to the Muslim World League

Secretariat General Makkah al-Mukarramah
Date: 23 Shaaban 1421

Subject: Response to a Fatwa request

To the attention of the Head of the Ritual Association of the Great Mosque of Lyon

Assalam Aleykoum,
In response to your letter dated March 28, 2000 concerning the sacrifice of poultry.
I have the honor to send you a copy of the 4th decision issued by the Islamic Jurisprudence Assembly of the World Islamic League whose session was held in Makkah during the month of Safar 1408.
The Secretary of the Assembly of Islamic Jurisprudence Hamad Ben Hassan Aradadi

Decision No. 4
Concerning the ritual slaughter of an animal following electronarcosis Praise be to Allah the One and peace and prayers be upon the last of the prophets our master Mohammad and his noble family and companions,
Follows:
The Council of the Islamic Jurisprudence Assembly (fiqh) at the World Islamic League during its 10th Congress in Makkah honored between Saturday, 24 Safar 1408H/18 October 1987 and Wednesday, 28 Safar 1408H/21 October 1987 discussed the following topic (slaughtering of the animal intended for food and having undergone electronarcosis: process causing stunning following the passage of the brain by an electric current)
First:
If, after the electrocution operation, the animal has been slaughtered while it is still alive, this is considered a valid ritual immolation and therefore its meat is Halal according to the generality of the saying of Allah in the verse: “Forbidden to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, anything that has been killed under the invocation of any other name than God’s, animals that have been suffocated, stunned, killed by some fall or by a blow from the horn; those that have been cut by a fierce beast, unless you have purified them by bleeding.”
Second:
If the animal loses its life as a result of this electrocution before it is immolated, then it is considered a dead animal whose meat is forbidden to be eaten “Dead animals are forbidden to you…”.
Third:
Electrocuting the animal – at high voltage – is a torture for the animal before immolating it. Islam forbids this type of torture and enjoins mercy and compassion. It was reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he said: “God has prescribed beneficence in everything. So when you kill, do it in the best way; and when you slaughter (an animal), do it in the best way. Sharpen your blade and spare the animal suffering.” Reported by Muslim
Fourth:
If the electronarcosis -at reduced voltage- is such as not to torture the animal. And if there are objectives in this operation such as alleviating the pain of slaughter and calming its violence and resistance, then this is not blameworthy from a religious point of view by seeking such interests.
Signatures:
Abdel Aziz Ibn Abdallah Ben Baz (Chairman of the Board)
Abdallah Omar Nassif (Vice President)
Mohamed Ben Jabir
Dr. Bakr Abdallah Abu Zeid
Abdallah Abderrahmane Albassam
Salah Ben Fawzan Ben Abdallah Alfawzan
Mohamed Ben Abdallah Ben Sabil
Mostapha Ahmed Alzarqa
Mohamed Mahmoud alsawaf
Abu Alhassan Ali Alhousni Alnadawi
Mohamed Rachid Rareb quebali
Mohamed Alchazli alnifer
Abu Bakr Joumi
Ahmed Fahmi Abou Sena
Mohamed Alhabib Ben Alkhouja
Mohamed Salem Ben Abdelwadoud
Talal Omar Bafqih

Not able to participate in this congress: Sheikh Doctor Youssouf Alqaradawi, Sheikh Saleh Ben Otheimin, Sheikh Abdelqouddouss Alhachimi, the officer commander Mahmoud Shit khattab, Sheikh Hassanin Mohamed Makhlouf and Sheikh Mabrouk Massoud Alawadi.

the well-being of the animal

in Islam

Consumer Guide

Read the legal and religious references

The commitments of the ARGML

Responsibility

ARGML controllers are required to ensure compliance with all applicable regulations in order to satisfy consumer expectations.

Permanent control

At all stages of production, ARGML controllers ensure that procedures are respected.

Respect for the strictest Islamic principles

To allow the Muslim community to have access to reliable foodstuffs, produced according to the rituals inscribed in the holy texts.

Professionalism, quality, rigor

Qualified professionals, capable of evolving in an increasingly complex food industry context.

Transparency, information

The ARGML acts on a daily basis to guide consumers and inform them about the regulated production processes of halal certification.

Under the moral responsibility of the Great Mosque of Lyon

The ARGML is an association created in 1995 by the Great Mosque of Lyon, in order to allow Muslim consumers to have access to products in accordance with their religious ethics. Its headquarters are based in Lyon, within the walls of the Great Mosque.

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What is “haram”?

Harām (حرام, harām) is an Arabic adjective that in Islam describes anything that is "forbidden, inviolable, sacred" according to sharia law. In its ambiguity, it corresponds most closely to the concept of taboo in German. The opposite of harām is halāl (حلال), which...

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