Legal and religious references
Sura 2 Al-Baqara
 And We covered you with the shadow of a cloud, and sent down to you manna and quail: “Eat of the delights which We have bestowed upon you!” – They did not wrong Us, but they wronged themselves.
 O people! Eat what is lawful and pure, and do not follow in the footsteps of the devil, for he is indeed an enemy to you.
 O believers! Eat of the lawful foods which We have given you. And give thanks to Allah, if it is He whom you worship.
Sura 5 Al-Mâ'ida
 Forbidden to you is the beast that is found dead, the blood, the flesh of swine, that on which another name than Allah’s has been invoked, the beast that has been smothered, the beast that has been stunned, or that has died from a fall, or that has been killed by a blow from the horn, and that which has been eaten by a fierce beast, except that which you slaughter before it is dead (Forbidden to you is the beast that has been slain on the stones that have been set up), as well as the division of the beast by lot with arrows. For this is perversity.
Sura 6 Al-'An`âm
 And eat not of that on which the name of Allah has not been pronounced, for that would be (surely) a perversity. The devils inspire their allies to argue with you. If you obey them, you will certainly become associators.
 Say: “In what has been revealed to me, I do not find it forbidden to any eater to eat it, except the beast (found) dead, or the blood that has been shed, or the flesh of swine – for it is a defilement – or that which, out of perversity, has been sacrificed to other than Allah. Whosoever is compelled, but does not abuse or transgress, your Lord is indeed Forgiving and Merciful.
Sura 16 An-Nahl
 He has forbidden you the flesh of the dead beast, the blood, the flesh of swine, and the beast on which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked. But whoever eats of it under compulsion, and is neither rebellious nor a transgressor, then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Consult our religious references related to ritual slaughter
Poultry and Electronarcosis
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Animal welfare in Islam
Animals, creatures of God
“And He has created for you the cattle from which you make warm clothes, from which you get various benefits and from which you eat, too. They look good to you when you bring them back in the evening, as well as in the morning when you take them to the pasture. And they carry your burdens to a land that you would not reach [autrement] But with difficulty. Verily, your Lord is Compassionate and Merciful. And (He has created) horses, mules and donkeys for you to ride on, and also for pomp and circumstance. And He has created (other) things that you do not know.”
Sura 16 An-nahl (The Bees), Verses 5-8
Islam recognizes an evolved consciousness in animals
“Not a beast on earth, nor a bird flying with its two wings, which are not nations like yourselves; in the Book, We have not omitted the least thing. And then to the Lord they will be gathered” Surah 6 Al-‘An`âm (The Animals), Verse 38
“Do you not see that everything in heaven and on earth never ceases to proclaim the glory and purity of God, even the birds that spread their wings? Everyone has their own way of praying to God and proclaiming His glory and purity and God knows exactly what they are doing. Sura 24 An-Nur (The Light), verse 41
The Holy Book has honored animals by naming several Surahs after animals
Animal Rights in Islam
The Prophet (pbuh) described the punishment of a woman who was sent to Hell because of the way she treated a cat. She had locked her up without feeding her and refused to release her to feed herself outside. Sahih Al-Bukhari
Islam requires that animals be treated with kindness
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, “There is no human being who kills a bird or a larger animal without right that will not be questioned by God on the Day of Judgment.” He was asked, “And what is the right of the animal, O Messenger of God?” He replied, “It is that he slaughters it and consumes its flesh, not that he cuts off its head while throwing away the rest.” An-Nasai
Allah (s.w.t) says in the Qur’an: “There is no beast that walks on the earth, no bird that flies with its wings, that is not like you in community.”
Surah 6 Al An’âm (The Animals), Verse 38
Islam requires respect for the rights of animals and their physiological needs, as it does for any other community
The Prophet (pbuh) passing by a very emaciated camel. He said, “Fear God about those animals that cannot speak. If you ride them, do it properly [en les mettant en forme pour qu’ils puissent le faire aisément] and if you eat them, do it properly [en les nourrissant convenablement pour leur assurer une bonne santé]. “Abu Daoud
An animal should never be beaten or tortured. The Prophet (pbuh) passed by an animal that had been branded on the forehead. He said, “Do you not know that I have cursed him who marks his animal on its face or strikes it on its face? Abu Daud, Sahih Muslim
Men must not strike animals on the face, because “they speak the praise of God”.
Conditions of practice of the slaughter
Islam has established rules on the slaughter of animals. Islam places great emphasis on the way in which animals are sacrificed, which should be as painless as possible for them. The instrument used to slit the throat must never be sharpened in front of the animal, and a beast must never be slit in front of its fellows. Never before the advent of Islam had the world witnessed such concern for the welfare of animals.
“And eat not of that on which the name of Allah has not been pronounced, for that would be (surely) perversity. The devils inspire their allies to dispute with you. If you obey them, you will certainly become associators.”
Surah 6 Al-‘An`âm (The Animals), Verse 121
“To every community We have assigned a sacrificial rite, that they may pronounce the name of Allah over the beast of the herd which He has assigned to them. Your God is indeed one God. So submit to Him. And give good news to those who humiliate themselves.
Surah 22 Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage), Verse 34
“We have appointed for you the healthy camels (and cows) for certain rites established by Allah. In them is a good thing for you. So say the name of Allah over them when they have had their legs tied (ready for slaughter). Then when they lie on their sides, eat of them, and feed them to the quiet worker and the beggar. So We have made them subservient to you that you may be grateful.
Surah 22 Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage), Verse 36
“Allah (s.w.t) has commanded that you do good in all things. So when you kill, kill well. When you slaughter, slaughter well. Let each of you sharpen his knife and treat his victim well. Sahih Muslim
Ibn ‘Omar reported that the Prophet (SWS) said: “When one of you slaughters a beast, let him finish it”. Reported by Ibn Maja
According to Ibn ‘Abbas, a man laid his victim on the ground while he was sharpening his blade. The Prophet (SWS) said to him, “So you want to kill her twice? Why didn’t you sharpen your blade before laying it down? Sahih Al-Bukhari
Omar saw someone dragging a sheep by the leg to slit its throat. He said to him, “Woe to you! Lead him to death in a kind way. Reported by ‘Abd ar-Razaq
The Prophet (SWS) said: “Anything that is cut from a living animal is considered a dead animal. Reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi and al-Hiban
The name “Halal” is not protected
The Codex Alimentarius
Only general guidelines for the use of the term “Halal” have been defined by the Codex Alimentarius.
The Codex Alimentarius (or Codex Alimentarius) is a joint program of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) that consists of a set of standards, codes, uses, guidelines and other recommendations concerning food production and processing that focus on food safety, including the protection of consumers and food workers, and environmental preservation.
The Great Mosque of Lyon is accredited
The framework is becoming more and more strict
It is in this context that the ARGML works every day to
- To enact and adhere to strict rules and principles defining Halal;
- continue to evolve in an increasingly difficult and restrictive environment for manufacturers;
- and to manage to guarantee in an irreproachable way the halal character of the products which it certifies for the consumer.
The commitments of the ARGML
Under the moral responsibility of the Great Mosque of Lyon
The ARGML is an association created in 1995 by the Great Mosque of Lyon, in order to allow Muslim consumers to have access to products in accordance with their religious ethics. Its headquarters are based in Lyon, within the walls of the Great Mosque.
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Harām (حرام, harām) is an Arabic adjective that in Islam describes anything that is "forbidden, inviolable, sacred" according to sharia law. In its ambiguity, it corresponds most closely to the concept of taboo in German. The opposite of harām is halāl (حلال), which...
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