Legal and religious references

To ensure the compliance of products with halal certification, the ARGML relies on legal references and holy texts.
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Religious references

Permitted foods

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As a basic principle, good food is allowed

Sura 2 Al-Baqara

[57] And We covered you with the shadow of a cloud, and sent down to you manna and quail: “Eat of the delights which We have bestowed upon you!” – They did not wrong Us, but they wronged themselves.

[168] O people! Eat what is lawful and pure, and do not follow in the footsteps of the devil, for he is indeed an enemy to you.

[172] O believers! Eat of the lawful foods which We have given you. And give thanks to Allah, if it is He whom you worship.

Sura 5 Al-Mâ'ida

[3] Forbidden to you is the beast that is found dead, the blood, the flesh of swine, that on which another name than Allah’s has been invoked, the beast that has been smothered, the beast that has been stunned, or that has died from a fall, or that has been killed by a blow from the horn, and that which has been eaten by a fierce beast, except that which you slaughter before it is dead (Forbidden to you is the beast that has been slain on the stones that have been set up), as well as the division of the beast by lot with arrows. For this is perversity.

Sura 6 Al-'An`âm

[121] And eat not of that on which the name of Allah has not been pronounced, for that would be (surely) a perversity. The devils inspire their allies to argue with you. If you obey them, you will certainly become associators.
[145] Say: “In what has been revealed to me, I do not find it forbidden to any eater to eat it, except the beast (found) dead, or the blood that has been shed, or the flesh of swine – for it is a defilement – or that which, out of perversity, has been sacrificed to other than Allah. Whosoever is compelled, but does not abuse or transgress, your Lord is indeed Forgiving and Merciful.

Sura 16 An-Nahl

[115] He has forbidden you the flesh of the dead beast, the blood, the flesh of swine, and the beast on which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked. But whoever eats of it under compulsion, and is neither rebellious nor a transgressor, then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Consult our religious references related to ritual slaughter

of poultry

Poultry and Electronarcosis

We interviewed the following personalities and institutions

Animal welfare in Islam

Animals, creatures of God

Mercy in Islam extends to all of God’s creatures: animals are therefore, as such, covered by this mercy.
“And He has created for you the cattle from which you make warm clothes, from which you get various benefits and from which you eat, too. They look good to you when you bring them back in the evening, as well as in the morning when you take them to the pasture. And they carry your burdens to a land that you would not reach [autrement] But with difficulty. Verily, your Lord is Compassionate and Merciful. And (He has created) horses, mules and donkeys for you to ride on, and also for pomp and circumstance. And He has created (other) things that you do not know.”
Sura 16 An-nahl (The Bees), Verses 5-8

Islam recognizes an evolved consciousness in animals

The animal has intelligence, suffers, knows and adores God, is aware of death and will be resurrected like humans:
“Not a beast on earth, nor a bird flying with its two wings, which are not nations like yourselves; in the Book, We have not omitted the least thing. And then to the Lord they will be gathered” Surah 6 Al-‘An`âm (The Animals), Verse 38
“Do you not see that everything in heaven and on earth never ceases to proclaim the glory and purity of God, even the birds that spread their wings? Everyone has their own way of praying to God and proclaiming His glory and purity and God knows exactly what they are doing. Sura 24 An-Nur (The Light), verse 41

The Holy Book has honored animals by naming several Surahs after animals

“The Cow”, “The Cattle”, “The Bees”, “The Ants”, “The Spider”, “The Elephant”. The Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him), taught respect for animals to his Companions, favoring some of them, especially for their nobility (the horse) or their purity (the cat). The preservation of animal species was achieved in Noah’s Ark (Nûh), long ago, by the order of Allah (s.w.t), without which we would not have known animals in our present life. This is a reminder for us to preserve animal species in our time.

Animal Rights in Islam

Islam formally prohibits all forms of cruelty to animals, long before the emergence of various animal rights movements, dating only from the 19th century.
The Prophet (pbuh) described the punishment of a woman who was sent to Hell because of the way she treated a cat. She had locked her up without feeding her and refused to release her to feed herself outside. Sahih Al-Bukhari

Islam requires that animals be treated with kindness

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) told his companions the story of a man who, while walking, suddenly became very thirsty. Having found a well, he went down into it to quench his thirst. On the way back up, he saw a dog that was so thirsty that it was licking the mud off the ground. So he went down to the bottom of the well again and brought back water for the dog. God appreciated his good deed so much that He forgave him his sins. The companions asked, “O Prophet of God: are we rewarded for our good deeds to animals?” He replied, “For every living creature, there is a reward for whoever does good to it.” Sahih Al-Bukhari
The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, “There is no human being who kills a bird or a larger animal without right that will not be questioned by God on the Day of Judgment.” He was asked, “And what is the right of the animal, O Messenger of God?” He replied, “It is that he slaughters it and consumes its flesh, not that he cuts off its head while throwing away the rest.” An-Nasai
Allah (s.w.t) says in the Qur’an: “There is no beast that walks on the earth, no bird that flies with its wings, that is not like you in community.”
Surah 6 Al An’âm (The Animals), Verse 38

Islam requires respect for the rights of animals and their physiological needs, as it does for any other community

Farm animals and pets must have access to a healthy and natural diet and pleasant living conditions. They must also have access to conditions for mating, nursing, and normal rearing of their offspring, and must receive medical care in case of illness or accident.
The Prophet (pbuh) passing by a very emaciated camel. He said, “Fear God about those animals that cannot speak. If you ride them, do it properly [en les mettant en forme pour qu’ils puissent le faire aisément] and if you eat them, do it properly [en les nourrissant convenablement pour leur assurer une bonne santé]. “Abu Daoud
An animal should never be beaten or tortured. The Prophet (pbuh) passed by an animal that had been branded on the forehead. He said, “Do you not know that I have cursed him who marks his animal on its face or strikes it on its face? Abu Daud, Sahih Muslim
Men must not strike animals on the face, because “they speak the praise of God”.

Conditions of practice of the slaughter

It is forbidden to kill an animal in a cruel way or just for fun. The only reason being the need to feed, with the permission of Allah, and therefore following a particular ritual and benevolent to the animal. The animal has the right to a death with dignity and respect.
Islam has established rules on the slaughter of animals. Islam places great emphasis on the way in which animals are sacrificed, which should be as painless as possible for them. The instrument used to slit the throat must never be sharpened in front of the animal, and a beast must never be slit in front of its fellows. Never before the advent of Islam had the world witnessed such concern for the welfare of animals.
“And eat not of that on which the name of Allah has not been pronounced, for that would be (surely) perversity. The devils inspire their allies to dispute with you. If you obey them, you will certainly become associators.”
Surah 6 Al-‘An`âm (The Animals), Verse 121
“To every community We have assigned a sacrificial rite, that they may pronounce the name of Allah over the beast of the herd which He has assigned to them. Your God is indeed one God. So submit to Him. And give good news to those who humiliate themselves.
Surah 22 Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage), Verse 34
“We have appointed for you the healthy camels (and cows) for certain rites established by Allah. In them is a good thing for you. So say the name of Allah over them when they have had their legs tied (ready for slaughter). Then when they lie on their sides, eat of them, and feed them to the quiet worker and the beggar. So We have made them subservient to you that you may be grateful.
Surah 22 Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage), Verse 36
“Allah (s.w.t) has commanded that you do good in all things. So when you kill, kill well. When you slaughter, slaughter well. Let each of you sharpen his knife and treat his victim well. Sahih Muslim
Ibn ‘Omar reported that the Prophet (SWS) said: “When one of you slaughters a beast, let him finish it”. Reported by Ibn Maja
According to Ibn ‘Abbas, a man laid his victim on the ground while he was sharpening his blade. The Prophet (SWS) said to him, “So you want to kill her twice? Why didn’t you sharpen your blade before laying it down? Sahih Al-Bukhari
Omar saw someone dragging a sheep by the leg to slit its throat. He said to him, “Woe to you! Lead him to death in a kind way. Reported by ‘Abd ar-Razaq
The Prophet (SWS) said: “Anything that is cut from a living animal is considered a dead animal. Reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi and al-Hiban

Legal references

The name “Halal” is not protected

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Any company can use the name halal but have halal in name only

The Codex Alimentarius

Only general guidelines for the use of the term “Halal” have been defined by the Codex Alimentarius.

The Codex Alimentarius (or Codex Alimentarius) is a joint program of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) that consists of a set of standards, codes, uses, guidelines and other recommendations concerning food production and processing that focus on food safety, including the protection of consumers and food workers, and environmental preservation.

    The Great Mosque of Lyon is accredited

    Since 1996, the Grand Mosque of Lyon, which is part of the ARGML, has been approved as a religious organization to authorize sacrificers authorized to perform ritual slaughter and to organize Islamic ritual slaughter.

    Order of December 12, 1997

    Decree on the procedures for immobilization, stunning and killing of animals and the conditions of animal protection in slaughterhouses

    EUROPEAN COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) N°1099/2009

    Protection of Animals at the Time of Killing” Regulation

    Order of July 31, 2012

    Order concerning the conditions for issuing the certificate of competence concerning the protection of animals in the context of their killing

    The framework is becoming more and more strict

    Since 2011, legislation has been strengthened concerning the possibility for slaughterhouses to practice ritual slaughter

    It is in this context that the ARGML works every day to

    • To enact and adhere to strict rules and principles defining Halal;
    • continue to evolve in an increasingly difficult and restrictive environment for manufacturers;
    • and to manage to guarantee in an irreproachable way the halal character of the products which it certifies for the consumer.

    The commitments of the ARGML

    The commitments of the ARGML

    Responsibility

    ARGML controllers are required to ensure compliance with all applicable regulations in order to satisfy consumer expectations.

    Permanent control

    At all stages of production, ARGML controllers ensure that procedures are respected.

    Respect for the strictest Islamic principles

    To allow the Muslim community to have access to reliable foodstuffs, produced according to the rituals inscribed in the holy texts.

    Professionalism, quality, rigor

    Qualified professionals, capable of evolving in an increasingly complex food industry context.

    Transparency, information

    The ARGML acts on a daily basis to guide consumers and inform them about the regulated production processes of halal certification.

    Under the moral responsibility of the Great Mosque of Lyon

    The ARGML is an association created in 1995 by the Great Mosque of Lyon, in order to allow Muslim consumers to have access to products in accordance with their religious ethics. Its headquarters are based in Lyon, within the walls of the Great Mosque.

    Halal news in France and in the World

    What is “haram”?

    Harām (حرام, harām) is an Arabic adjective that in Islam describes anything that is "forbidden, inviolable, sacred" according to sharia law. In its ambiguity, it corresponds most closely to the concept of taboo in German. The opposite of harām is halāl (حلال), which...

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